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Central Armed Police Forces

A member of India's Border Security Force
The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) (Hindi: केंद्रीय सशस्त्र पुलिस बल) refers to uniform nomenclature of five security forces in India under the authority of Ministry of Home Affairs. They are the Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).

Organisation and leadership

Five CAPFs (the BSF, CRPF, ITBP, CISF and SSB) are organized on police lines. The CAPFs have their own cadre of officers, but they are headed by officers of the Indian Police Service. They have, for many years, demanded improved promotional prospects.[3]:p 455, para 17.19.19 However, the higher echelons in these organisations, including the head of the organization, designated as Director General, is reserved by the MHA for Indian Police Service (IPS) officers [3]:p 457, para 7.19.31 The DGs of those five CAPFs were upgraded by the Manmohan Singh led UPA Government following the 6 CPC the apex scale, a grade held by DGs of various state police.


Recruitment is conducted mainly in three modes.

Gazetted Officers

Officers in CAPFs are recruited through Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandants) Examination conducted by UPSC. They are appointed as Assistant Commandants and are Gazetted Officers generally referred as DAGOs (Directly Appointed Gazetted Officers). DEGOs (Departmental Entry Gazetted Officers) are who have been promoted through departmental exams conducted internally for Subordinate Officers.

Subordinate Officers
Sub Inspectors are recruited through competitive examination conducted by Staff Selection Commission and they are referred as DASOs (Directly Appointed Subordinate Officers). DESOs (Departmental Entry Subordinate Officers) are who have been promoted through departmental exams conducted internally for Constables, Head Constables and Assistant Sub Inspectors.


Constables are recruited through competitive examination conducted by Staff Selection Commission.

Apart from above modes, CAPFs conduct recruitment for specialized posts such as Engineers, Doctors etc. among DAGOs and Wireless operators, Technicians, Nursing Staff etc. among subordinate officers and constables directly under their own authority.

Recuritment Department

The recruitment of the candidates in the CAPF is done by the union public service commission as well the Sashastra Seema Bal for the various posts according to the qualification of the candidates. For the higher levels posts, it is done via army

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

The Central Reserve Police Force is the largest of the Central Armed Police Forces units with 325,000 personnel in 245 battalions.The Central Reserve Police includes:
The Rapid Action Force (RAF), a 10 battalion anti-riot force trained to respond to sectarian violence.
The Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA), a 10 battalion strong anti-Naxalite/COIN force.

Border Security Force (BSF)

Women personnel of Indian Border Security Force
The primary role of the Border Security Force is to police border areas of the country, except the mountains. It has all police powers in its jurisdiction. It has 245,000 personnel in 186 battalions,and is headed by an Indian Police Service Officer.

Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is deployed for guarding duties on the border with China from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu La in Arunachal Pradesh covering a total distance of 2488 km.[12] It has 77,000 personnel in 56 fighting and 4 reserve battalions.

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
One of the largest industrial security forces in the world, the Central Industrial Security Force provides security to various Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and other critical infrastructure installations across the country. It has a total strength of about 2,40,000 personnel in 132 battalions.

Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
The objective of the Sashastra Seema Bal (English: Armed Border Force) is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders. It has 82,000 personnel and 73 battalions, as well as some reserved battalions.

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